The use of anesthesia for hair transplants is very important for the comfort of the operation and the patient. To understand the concept of local anaesthesia for hair transplants, it is helpful to know some basic information about the anaesthesia concept.
Anaesthesia during hair transplantation eliminates the feeling of pain during the operation and ensures a comfortable operation.
Anaesthesia also avoids sudden physical reactions of the person during the operation. In this way, operations carried out under anaesthesia are performed under more favourable conditions and comfortably.
Types of anesthesia for hair transplants
There are different types of anaesthesia, which are used for different operations and applications. Depending on the procedure to be performed, the anesthetist uses one of the different types of anesthesia. The anesthesia types vary depending on the region or anesthesia level. There are different anesthesia types for different surgeries and applications.
The anesthesia types are divided into 3, depending on the area of application. These include:
1. general anesthesia,
Second regional anesthesia,
Third local anesthesia.
Let’s take a closer look at the basic functions of each of these types of anesthesia.
In general anesthesia, the most comprehensive type of anesthesia, the person is completely unconscious and numb because they are anesthetized with an intravenous drug.
In general anaesthesia, which leads to a temporary loss of consciousness, the patient, who is in deep sleep during the operation and does not feel or remember anything, is awakened by discontinuing anaesthetics at the end of the operation. General anaesthesia, which is essential for many serious surgical procedures nowadays, is not a type of anaesthesia required for hair transplants.
This type of anaesthesia, which is used when general anaesthesia is risky or not deemed necessary, is performed by anaesthetising a specific area of the body to be operated on. In this way, the transmission of stimuli such as pain via the nerves is prevented. Under regional anaesthesia the person does not sleep. The person is conscious and his senses such as sight, hearing, taste and smell are functional. There are different types of regional anaesthesia, which are named after the region.
For minor surgical procedures, it is used with very thin syringes only in the area where the operation is performed. Local anaesthesia is the method of anaesthesia that is used to anaesthetize the area where the operation is performed by injecting anaesthetics. In contrast to general anesthesia, local anesthesia, which is performed by your physician, has hardly any risks. The anaesthetist should check whether the general state of health of the patient to whom anaesthetics are administered changes unexpectedly. For patients who are worried about local anaesthesia for hair transplants, sedation with tranquilizers can be used before local anaesthesia.
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Does the hair transplant hurt? Is pain felt during hair transplantation?
How is the anaesthesia for hair transplantation performed? Local anaesthesia is used for hair transplantation. Considering that an average hair transplantation takes between 8 and 10 hours, the use of anaesthesia for hair transplants is very important. Thanks to the local anesthesia, the patient does not feel any pain in the treated area.
Before the hair transplantation, the donor area is first anaesthetised. Local anaesthesia used for hair transplants generally does not show any damage or risks as with general anaesthesia.
Anesthesia in hair transplantation
In hair transplantation, the area where the hair root is collected is removed before the transplants are collected, using very fine point syringes. The effect of local anesthesia lasts 15-20 minutes. If necessary, the local anesthesia can be repeated while the grafts are being removed.
The grafts are other factors that influence the success of hair transplants.
What is a graft? How does it affect the success of the operation?
Anesthetic methods for hair transplants
After 3-4 hours of grafts removal, channels are opened in the bald area. Before the procedure, local anesthesia is applied to this area, which takes effect after a short pause. The local anesthesia is applied to the upper part of the scalp with very fine syringes. Therefore, even in patients with a very low pain threshold, only a very mild burning sensation is felt. The pain felt during the application process, which lasts a maximum of 1 minute, is a slight injection pain that occurs when the needle comes into contact with the scalp. The local anaesthesia ensures that the further course of the hair transplantation process is completely painless.
Anaesthesia is essential for painless hair transplants, but there are no significant risks as general anaesthesia is not required. During the hair transplantation process, the structure of the person, the speed to neutralize the anesthetics may vary. The local anaesthesia can be repeated during the operation.
After the local anesthesia
At the end of the operation period of about 8-10 hours, slight pain may occur in the operated areas if the local anesthesia is omitted. Especially during the first night, this slight throbbing pain can be circumvented with light painkillers prescribed by your doctor.
It is very important that you use the antibiotic that you receive together with your painkillers regularly to avoid the risk of infection.